Archive for the '02_Discussion' Category

02_Don’t forget to thank the forest

March 15, 2018

The human being is dependent on natural ressources and won’t hesitate arming our planet to get them. Can’t you see the paradoxe? Breathe we said. And while you breathe, continue chopping trees, extracting oil, emitting toxic gaz…

The Congo basin hosts the second biggest rainforest in the world, one of the most threatened ecosystems. It contains an impressive flora and is one of the origin places for the spider plant, which I mentioned in my introduction.

Wood, oil, diamonds, coltan, gold, the global demand for these materials is constantly increasing. The deforestation has gone completely out of control. This massive issue has been attributed to illegal commercial lugging activities. By opening new roads deeper and deeper into the forest, men are given the possibility to spread. They reach new areas of the forest and extend the disaster. Most of the actors come from the outside but today, 75 million people are settled in the Congo bassin and rely on the forest as a supply for subsistence and raw materials. This dependence creates a constant pressure, increasing with the population. We are facing here a complexe phenomenon of exhaustion. This region in known to be one of the poorest place. Some of those 75 million people live a daily struggle to provide themselves with a decent life. But by using the ressources they have, they are driving this huge rainforest towards exhaustion. Could we say then, that men have taken so much power over nature, that both can’t cohabite in a stable balance? But aren’t we nature as well? By exhausting this rainforest for our own good, are we exhausting our own specie.

Rainforests cover 6% of land on earth but produce 40% of our oxygen. If we don’t find a way to reduce deforestation, the Congo rainforest could be gone within 40 years. This spiral of exhaustion has oxygen in its center. So breathe, breathe consciously, and don’t forget to thank the forest.


Romane Nanchen






02_ Sofo’r Pets – The Small Animals Room

March 8, 2018

Lena, enjoying a carrot
Golden hamster “Lena” having a carrot 

Instead of stuffed animals, this is a living toy. Not as demanding as a dog or cat of course. Doesn’t live for that long either, doesn’t need walking or that much food. It won’t be any expensive veterinary bills (if it doesn’t die from natural causes it only cost you 265 SEK to put it down).

In the Small Animals Room, the hamster is locked up in a cage designed for a miniature human. The wooden house has a pitched roof, a little window and a door opening. Actually they even have a bathroom placed in one of the corners– filled with special sand to absorb unpleasant smell. ”Hamster” is written in ceramic letters on the food tray. Perfectly anonymous, but still addressing the owner. The hamster wheel compensate for the lack of space. Here the animal can run for an eternity, stupid enough not to realize they’re not going anywhere.

How did this creature end up in the ”Small animals room” in Sofo Södermalm?

The term ”hamster” refers to about 24 species of small rodents. Hamsters are chunky-bodied, think-furred, short-limbed and short-tailed rodents with large cheek pouches. The name ”hamster” comes from the Middle High Germana word ”hamstara”, which basically means to store. 1

The golden hamster – named after its golden fur – originates from Syria. It’s probably more likely to find a golden hamster forgotten in a corner of some childrens bedroom than finding it in the wild, since IUCN estimates that there is only 2500 mature individuals left of the global population. 2

In Syria, a golden hamster in the wild are considered a vermin who destroys harvests and farmings. In Södermalm though, we buy them as pets – give them names and decorates their cages with wooden houses. Nature is only accepted if we can tame it, force it to behave in our human way: domesticate it. For centuries, human kind has distinguished itself from nature. Untamed nature behaviour is ”a natural disaster”, because the planet orbits around the human being. By putting our self on top of nature, we alienate us from it – somehow forgetting that our survival depends of nature.

1. Bartlett, Patricia. ‘The Hamster Handbook’, 2003.
2.UCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. <>
3. Colebrook, Claire. ‘Introduction’ in Claire Colebrook, Death of the PostHuman: Essays on Extinction, vol. 1. Ann Arbor: Open Humanities Press, University of Michigan Library, 2014.

A story of no-place

March 7, 2018



Humans have become the dominant force driving earth changes, an age called The Anthropocene – evidence for the Anthropocene ranges from worldwide population booms to the expansive transformation of the landscape. 75% of earth’s land surface outside of ice sheets is managed by humans – human modification of the landscape, from which 40% is used for agriculture – as population has increased, demand for food had skyrocketed. 50% of planet forest have been lost. 1

Cities are losing boundaries, water is becoming a constructional site, even the space around the planet belongs to humans and is changed by human (a cloud of satellites around the globe).

During the seminar course I would like to explore current topic using comic book as an expression for story-telling of a simulation of possible future habitat.


The perfection is not only imaginary but also impossible (meaning of Utopia, literally – “not place”). The story itself could become a place where we can create a city without boundary, twenty-kilometer-high tower or even space without gravity could become truth. The imagination itself is an upstream process towards making impossible or fake become real.


Personal environment could be defined by human and his belonging, movement in a certain location and on certain time. Rest of the inhabited space usually is not used for some time. Speculating on these arguments the habitat itself could become a variable which could increase or decrease in volume, shape based on habitant demands or any other conditions, for example changes in temperature etc. If we subdivide the volume into a point cloud which could relate to a maximum or minimum distance between person, his belongings and membrane the space would have to change.

As the main human demands I would like to analyze: work, cleanness, rest/sleep.

No – place, no gravity

What if each side of a building could be wall, floor, ceiling? What if whole city could plug-in and plug-out?

Our (human) rituals

Our customs, costumes, habits, habitations, manners are abstractions that make up civilization. Ritual is becoming history of what have been decided as beautiful in exact time in exact place.

What is our (human) rituals?


Yesterday’s extreme is tomorrow status quo. Culture – product of ongoing augmentations to the zenith of the previous generation. Nothing is really original – nor can it remain extreme.

1 source:

 As inspiration for a project:

  • Cloud Atlas (2012) by Tom Tykwer, Lana Wachowski
  • Citizens of no place, an architectural graphic novel by Jimenez Lai (image)
  • Daniel Kohler, The mereological city: a reading of the works of Ludwig Hilberseimer (relation between the part and the whole)

Examples of chosen site (planet) exhaustion (all images from:



 Olga Voisnis



Brunkebergsåsen – from what to what?

March 6, 2018

Brunkebergsåsen 2

When is something destroyed? How much has to be gone? How much has to be left? What is this defined something?

In light of these questions one could ponder over the existence of Brunkebergsåsen. If half of it has been demolished to what the Stockholmers think should be a ground level, does it still exist? Can its destroyer reconstruct it or is this the privilege of the creator? An animal could be said to be recreated in every given moment due to its cells constantly being regenerated. A river always shifts in its physical compound. Still they are not seen as destroyed.

What happens with the destroyed and removed parts of the esker? From being a ridge they were used to turn water into land in the nearby Klara sjö, Nybroviken and Barnhusviken. The children of the esker.

Can there be a Stockholm without Brunkebergsåsen? When destroying Brunkebergsåsen Stockholm is as much destroyed. As the human animals the Stockholmers are, they always regenerate by destroying what they have and what they are when they are creating what they think they are. The esker is part of the unique topography of the area, being for example the partition of the city parts Norrmalm and Östermalm with the Malm Division Street or Malmskillnadsgatan running on top of it.

Maybe, the esker shouldn’t be simplified as a ridge of rocks, instead be seen as more of a whole. It is full of water, being purified it way through it, a massive thermal mass and surely was an interconnected web of living organisms. Can the living whole still be found or is it forever crushed under the weight of Stockholm? A by human untouched part of the esker can not be found.

Stockholm have taken Brunkebergsåsen with it in its regenerating self-destruction as the icey water did before it. The stones, gravel, mud and so forth of the esker finds itself again being thrown around by the horrors of this planet.


SECTOR 5: Objects & Artefacts

March 6, 2018

Its been a busy two weeks in Sector 5, imaginations flourishing and the constant development of new ornaments to enchant our imaginations.

“The eye is geared to spectacle as much as speculation, with speculation itself being both productively expansive in its capacity to imagine virtual futures and restrictively deadening in its tendency to forget the very life from which it emerges.” 1

As I had mentioned already, this post human existence is still fascinated with human ideals and ways of doing things. We spend our days with Robots digging or CNC’s milling the Grid to uncover objects or artefacts that are printed from our imagination.

Why do we need these objects or artefacts? We don’t, but I feel we are so drawn to having what we want, when we want it, that we don’t really consider the necessity of it.

Sector 5 started as a vast grid of nothingness, so clean and sterile, some would say ‘natural’. I guess we have a freedom here with no consequence; Or do we? Was this the same thought we had as Human entities on Earth? Did we think we would ever be able to exhaust it of its resources?

We don’t know a whole lot about the Cloud, but what’s unknown is what should make us aware of our surroundings and be conscious about all the decisions we make; We may run out of storage and the whole cloud could crash. What will happen to us then? Will we get a third chance at respecting and taking care of our surroundings?

All of these questions have been dawning on me lately; Shouldn’t we have learnt from what happened on Earth? Will we Exhaust this environment as well, or will we just exhaust our imaginations?


  1. Colebrook, Claire. ‘Introduction’ in Claire Colebrook, Death of the PostHuman: Essays on Extinction, vol. 1. Ann Arbor: Open Humanities Press, University of Michigan Library, 2014.

Miguel Santos Carvalho

You’ve created this blackness

March 6, 2018






And then I hear

– Without these lights I feel more safe.

– Why are you saying this?

– They fool your mind. Imagine night in the nature. Your eyes see DEEP. You start to discover how much is between grey and black… you catch every movement in the low contrast. Here you are trapped in the light zone behind which you only see blackness that is scary.

– But the blackness is scary!

– And this is what you don’t understand. You’ve created this blackness.


*Glare is difficulty seeing in the presence of bright light such as direct or reflected sunlight or artificial light such as car headlamps at night. Because of this, some cars include mirrors with automatic anti-glare functions.

“Generally it is accepted that, the more illuminated a certain place is the safer it will be, therefore the night is a lot linked to the practice of less appropriated behaviors – the fear appears in the same proportion that the light decreases. And in this case, quantity of light is not always a synonym of lightning quality. „

“the light pollution is an ambiguous question: it is simultaneously a financial and an environmental problem, due to severe perturbations on the ecosystems, namely birds and plants, but fishes are affected too.” [1]


“After the London borough of Wandsworth installed 3,500 new street lights in the mid-1980s as part of its overall crime reduction plan, researchers at the University of Southampton decide to compare reported crimes before and after the upgrade. Despite the fact that increased lighting had been a mainstay of city crime prevention for decades, the researchers found “no evidence … to support the hypothesis that improved street lighting reduces reported crime.” [2]

[1] Planning the night – light as a central issue (PDF Download Available). Available from: [accessed Mar 06 2018].


Marta Dydek

Uncanny Valley

March 6, 2018

Computers will probably not have a consciousness in a foreseeable future but they might get quite intelligent. Ever since humans started to consider themselves as conscious beings, we connect consciousness with intelligence. To carry out an intelligent act like playing chess, driving a car or recognizing a particular face, you need to be conscious. But today a computer can do all of these things, without any sensations or feelings. A big difference between chess and the ancient board game Go is that chess is very much about calculating future moves, in Go on the other hand you play more with intuition and for that reason it has been impossible for a computer to beat the human masters in Go. Until last year when Google’s computer Deep Mind learned the game by itself and defeated the worlds best Go player. So it seems like intelligence is becoming decoupled from consciousness as evolution continues and what does that mean for humans? That our value could become extinct.

In Margaret Atwood’s MaddAddam trilogy The Year of The Flood is the 2nd part, people can upgrade themselves (or others) to raise their value among different hybrids. This is what Claire Colebrook brings up when referring to Atwood;

What Atwood suggests, against the present idea that man might surpass himself and find a new ecological future, is that such redemptive imaginaries have always allowed man to master life in order to maintain himself. 1

 In a way physical upgrading has already begun, it always starts with medical care. A person suffers a car accident and needs a new arm, we invent a prosthesis that could be attached to the body and controlled by thoughts. But why stop there, soon we could use that advanced technique to give healthy people stronger bodies and trimmed organs as well. Of course it would be quite expensive to upgrade your body like that and it would increase the gap between already existing various layers of society. But that hasn’t stopped us before. So how do we heal the coming exhaustion of our value? Maybe through focusing on increasing what we already have that robots do not have could be a way. The things that make us humans like emotional depth, empathy, intimacy, art and music.


Zakarias Samad



1 Sex After Life: Essays of Extinctions, Vol 2 (2014) Claire Colebrook

 The Year of The Flood (2009) Margaret Atwood


Jean-Michel Alberola



02_ The Beehive

March 6, 2018

02_Mapping_Antonia MyleusHumans supposedly face three phases of extinctions; the sixth great extinction event; the extinction by humans of other species, and self-extinction, or the capacity for us to destroy what makes us human1. Within this tendency of self-destruction of our own milieu, and the carelessness of our environment and organisms that compose it, ‘climate is regarded as a general condition that binds humans to an irreversible and destructive time’2.

The beehives in Skanstull, as aforementioned have been treated with disregard and carelessness in the form of several attempts of vandalism. An exposed wound was created from the destruction, threatening not only the physical beehive from climatic conditions and other non-humans, but also threatening the existence of its gyneocracy. The act of vandalism towards non-human’s ethos and habitat, is an ethical performance that aids both human extinction as well as the extinction of nearby plants and crops. The disappearance of nature not only destroys the symbiotic relationship between flower and bee, but also between bee and human, affecting their possibility to thrive.

Our beehives are now exposed, we are in distress. Nearby plants are destroyed and the earth is scarred. Metal bars leave traces of an act of human self-destruction. Where do we go now? How do we recover?

Looking at the site’s current physical state could give potential clues regarding its past sufferance of extinction. For example; Is the site suffering from perturbation and scarring? Is the site still accessible? ‘If we wish to live on, we need to become aware of time – ecological, geological – beyond our own, paying our due to an existence that we failed to recognise as our own’ (Colebrook, 2014). Mapping nearby plants and allotments and looking if there has been a significant decay of growth due to the disappearance of pollination services could be another way to map the site´s exhaustion.The ‘care’ of environmental milieus shifts from eco-feminism (critiques of masculinism and the concern for the non-human) to thoughts of post-humanism where what actually counts as ‘properly’ human is questioned. Colebrook (2014) further argues that one of the over-riding problems of attention to the human organism’s thorough worldliness suffers from blindness. Explaining this knowing act of human self-extinction from the perspective of the bees, telling their story, caring for their beehive and animal society, could help raise awareness regarding our environmentally exhausted milieus and would challenge us to think beyond our human-made landscapes and ethical actions.

Antonia Myleus


  1. Colebrook, Claire. ‘Introduction’ in Claire Colebrook, Death of the PostHuman: Essays on Extinction, vol. 1. Ann Arbor: Open Humanities Press, University of Michigan Library, 2014.
  2. Colebrook, Claire. ‘Introduction’ in Claire Colebrook, Death of the PostHuman: Essays on Extinction, vol. 1. Ann Arbor: Open Humanities Press, University of Michigan Library, 2014.

Colebrook, Claire. ‘Feminist Extinction’ in Claire Colebrook, Sex After Life: Essays on Extinction, vol. 2. Ann Arbor: Open Humanities Press, University of Michigan Library, 2014.

Something Else

March 6, 2018

Not much else has been written about Valur’s ventures. He might still go to the Blue Lagoon, monitoring how the place changes, expands. New restaurants open, hotels open, new out door changing rooms, new showers get installed, lines get longer, prices get higher, new deluxe packages, new beauty products. More guests, more new guests. Water keeps flowing from the power plant and the lagoon gets bigger, drowns more land. Possibly more roads get built, more parking space is added. Bus stops. Possibly some walking trails through the lava. Outdoor toilets. The lagoon which people first where afraid of and doctors advised against bating in has become one of the nations finest attractions. Everyone is proud of it. It is no longer a “dirt puddle” it’s a healing relaxing experience in nature. It is hardly a natural disaster it is one of the 25 wonders of the world.1

I wonder, when we have exhausted the resources of this site, when we can’t drill any further for water and steam, what will happen to this site. Do we have an obligations to it? Should we clean up, restore the nature that was before? Or do we consider it nature already or something else?

Memories are easily forgotten. After the power plant the Blue lagoon will most likely be forgotten, at least people will stop going there for the same experience. Maybe all the water will sink back into the ground. Who knows what kind of creatures will inhabit the sight in the future. Since the water is so rich in minerals it is likely that some other creatures will thrive in that new environment amongst the black lava and the readapted moss. A new ecosystem might be created.

Sindri Siguðsson

Out of sight, out of mind

March 6, 2018

“The world is hungry for mineral resources, there are hundreds of millions of people to be brought up to a decent standard of living, but it requires raw materials. Norway must seize the genre to secure the world’s access to valuable minerals – and so we may have to withstand some waste in the fjords. ”

– Trond Giske, Norwegian Minister of Industry (2009 – 2013)

Throughout our short history of existence, we, Homo sapiens, have both disturbed and destroyed ecosystems. If we knew how many species we already have exterminated, and the repercussions of our interference, we would perhaps give more thought to the environmental consequences of our actions, in our everlasting hunt for progress and economic growth. No matter how much we possess, there seems to always be a strive for more, and we never stop. Once we experience something comfortable, its hard to give it up, and few of us are willing to have less, so others can have more, be they human or non-human. But it is not a comfortable taught that we are doing any harm, so we close our eyes to the uncomfortable.

The increase of mining along the Norwegian coast leads to a desire to exploit the fjords as a dumping site for mine waste. It’s cheap and simple, and most of all – it keeps the waste out of sight.  Mining itself has a large negative impact in the environment. The most tangible impact comes in the form of noise and dust, intrusion on the landscape, and the emission of pollutants into the air and surrounding watercourses, lakes and groundwater. The mining industry is also a major consumer of energy and water. However, the most significant environmental aspect of mines is linked to the management of mining waste.

Norway is one of five countries in the world that still allows dumping of mining waste in the sea, and the only one that plans for new seafills. In 2015 the Norwegian government approved the plan to mine Engebø mountain in south-west Norway for rutile, a titanium mineral used for pigments in toothpaste, food, paint, plastics etc. This mountain has among the world’s largest prevalence of these specific minerals. Over the anticipated 30 year life of the mine, it is planned to dump 250 million tonnes of waste from its operations into the adjacent Førde Fjord, one of the country’s most important spawning grounds for cod and salmon and a site where whales and porpoises congregate.

In the process of making the decision on whether to allow these plans, there were listed both positive and negative consequences. All the negative consequences on this list concerns the environment, while all the positive consequences are economic. The winning argument is that this new mine will put up to 110 people to work for several decades, and bring economic growth to the local communities.

Førdefjorden is one of Norway’s 29 National salmon fjords, and is under special environmental protection. Its home to species listed as highly threatened.  When we dump millions of tons of sand and fines in our fjords, it leads to destruction of the ecosystem, and extinction of species at the bottom of the immediate area. Some of the chemicals emitted by the mining waste are toxic. Finely divided waste most likely to spread with the currents and affect a much larger area.  Both larger fish and the benthos will be affected when dumping mine waste in the fjord.

”Yes, several species are likely to be exterminated locally in this fjord, but it is not like they don’t exist elsewhere.”

– Jan Tore Sanner, Norwegian Minister of Local Government and Modernisation, 2015

In this study I want to critically care for Førdefjorden. I want to know more about the environmental consequences of dumping mine waste it to the fjord, and about the alternatives. I want to know more about the inhabitants of this fjord, and I would like to tell their story. It seems to me that it is easier to dismiss species we don’t know, and rarely or never interact with.



Haraway, Donna ‘Tentacular Thinking: Athropocene, Capitalocene, Chthulucene’, in e-flux #76, September 2016

Turpin, Etienne, ed. (2013), ‘Introduction’ in Architecture in the Anthropocene: Encounters Among Design, Deep Time, and Philosophy, Ann Arbor: Open Humanities Press, Michigan Publishing, 2013.

”Marinbiologisk tilleggsundersøkelse i Førdefjorden”, Nordic Rutile AS, DNV GL – Report No. 2014-1193, Rev A, Doc. No.: 18BHORT-10, 2014-09-15.